Aasra Suicide Prevention.This blog is about getting people to talk about their innermost feelings and emotions in times of distress and despair.All discussions are about the issue of suicide, mental health and it's effect on society.
Aasra Helpline for the depressed and suicidal. 91-22-27546669(24x7)
Teen suicide rate suddenly rises with heavy use of smartphones, social media
By Laura Kelly - The Washington Times - Tuesday, November 14, 2017
A study shows that suicide rates among teenagers have risen along with their ownership of smartphones and use of social media, suggesting a disturbing link between technology and teen self-harm.
Citing federal data and two nationally representative surveys of more than 500,000 adolescents, researchers found a strong correlation between the time teens began using smartphones a decade ago and a sharp rise in reports of serious mental health issues.
From 2010 to 2015, a record number of teenagers were reporting depressive symptoms and overloading mental health clinics, while suicide rates climbed for the first time in decades, said psychologist Jean Twenge, lead author of the study, which was published Tuesday in the journal Clinical Psychological Science.
“I’ve never seen such sudden, large changes,” Ms. Twenge said in an interview with The Washington Times, noting that the biggest increase occurred within a single year.
“In this case, we tried to just go systematically through possible explanations and rule them in or out and, at the end of the day, the pronounced increase in smartphone ownership seems like the most logical explanation,” she said. “It was by far the largest change in teens lives between 2012 and 2015.”
Ms. Twenge, who teaches psychology at San Diego State University, said the most striking finding was the correlation between cumulative time teenagers spent on smartphones and their depressive thoughts and suicidal actions.
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Among teens who spent five hours or more on their phones per day, 48 percent had suicide-related outcomes such as depression, thinking about suicide, making suicide plans or attempting suicide.
The statistic for teens who spent one or two hours on their electronic devices per day was exponentially lower, with 28 percent reporting any of the suicide-related outcomes.
Ms. Twenge said the biggest takeaway from the study is that people should limit their screen time to about two hours a day to protect their mental health.
“The preponderance of the evidence points in the direction of more screen time leading to depression and mental health issues,” she said. “Doing nothing risks these mental health issues continuing to be at these historically very high levels. The research suggests we shouldn’t be telling people to give up their phones entirely; it’s limiting the amount of screen time.”
The study relies on data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Monitoring the Future survey and the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. Among its findings, the number of teenagers:
• Who spent at least five hours on their smartphones per day more than doubled from 2009 to 2015, from 8 percent to 19 percent.
• Reporting feelings of depression or planning or attempting suicide rose from 32 percent in 2009 to 36 percent in 2015. This increase was higher among girls, from 40 percent in 2009 to 45 percent in 2015.
• Reporting use of social media every day soared from 58 percent in 2009 to 87 percent in 2015. These teens were 14 percent more likely to be depressed, compared with less-frequent social media users.
Researchers have several reasons why they believe increased screen time and social media use contribute to depression, both indirectly and directly.
One theory suggests that increased screen usage takes time away from activities — such as in-person social interaction, playing sports or exercising, homework, print media and attending religious services — that contribute to teenagers’ positive mental health.
Another points out that teens who report more smartphone use exhibit a loss of sleep, a well-established risk factor for depression.
The direct effects of social media are not completely understood, said Ms. Twenge, calling the internet a “cauldron of self-objectification for women.” She said girls had the highest rates of depression linked to social media use.
“We found that the mental health issues — the spike was especially pronounced for teen girls and that social media use was correlated with depression only for girls. That might be because of the pressure for teen girls to get a lot of likes and a lot of followers on social media,” said Ms. Twenge, author of the recently published book “iGen: Why Today’s Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy — and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood.”
Brooke Shannon is the founder of Wait Until 8th, a grass-roots movement among parents who seek to delay smartphone use by their children until after they reach eighth grade.
In only about six months, what started as a community initiative among parents in Ms. Shannon’s daughters’ school in Austin, Texas, has grown to a national movement of more than 4,000 families across all 50 states.
“It does make a big difference to have strength in numbers,” Ms. Shannon said. “It just makes it a lot easier for the kids to know other friends that are waiting, and when they’re on the bus that they’re not the only ones that don’t have a device.”
Ms. Twenge echoed that sentiment, saying that among her conversations with teenagers, the most depressing fact she found was that people bury their faces in their phones even when they are around others.
“The email that depressed me the most was from a high school student who commented, ‘I want to talk to my friends at lunch, but they’re all on their phones.’ Yeah, that broke my heart,” she said.
1 in 3 Indians thinks shrinks are mentally ill, says survey
Ekatha Ann John | TNN | Nov 11, 2017, 05:46 IST
CHENNAI: When a few psychiatrists handed out questionnaires to 900 people in five Indian cities to explore public attitude towards them, the response made them cringe: At least one in every three said doctors treating psychiatric patients were mentally ill themselves, while one in five couldn't decide.
The study published recently in the peer-reviewed Indian Journal of Psychiatry shows that despite greater awareness on mental health issues, a majority of the respondents who had deep religious beliefs or had less than higher secondary school level education still viewed psychiatrists with suspicion
The survey covered people aged between 18 and 65 years in Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Lucknow and Mumbai.
Researchers found that public attitude towards the subject was correlated to religion, gender, education level and access to healthcare. "Based on the response received, on a median scale of one to five, we arrived at a mean score of around three - one being positive perception and five, negative," said neuro-psychiatrist Dr A K Tandon of AKT Neuropsychiatric Centre, Allahabad, who conducted the survey with 11 other psychiatrists and psychotherapists, including from Germany and Austria.
Even for the educated, the study found, psychiatrists are the first call for help for less than 10% of the people. The rest first go to general practitioners, faith healers, astrologers and alternative medicine practitioners before finally approaching a qualified shrink.
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The team found misconceptions are more prevalent among Hindus and Muslims, attributing the trend to their attitude which considers non-biomedical therapies more effective. "Many respondents believed prayer alone is sufficient treatment for psychiatric disorders," said Dr Tandon. Two-thirds of psychiatric patients attributed their symptoms of schizophrenia to religious causes. "If this is the state in metros, in rural areas, the situation could be much worse," he said. Psychiatrists say they don't discourage magico-religious modes of treatment as long as patients receive simultaneous help from qualified doctors.
"Religion is a way of life. Many of my patients follow both simultaneously with positive results," said Dr R Tara, director of Chennai-based Schizophrenia Research Foundation. National Institute of Mental Health Neuro Sciences director B N Gangadhar, said he now had patients who introduce him to their guests as their psychiatrist. "This was unthinkable a decade ago," Gangadhar said.
#Aasra's #FocussedGroupDiscussion Workshop on #IssuesAffectingStaffAndPatientsAtTBAndInfectiousDiseasesHospSewree facilitated by #JohnsonThomas supported by #DoctorsWithoutBorders (13th Nov 2017)
for 26 #PatientWelfareCommittee members including nurses, doctors, counsellors and administrators
The Big idea was to get the staff to speak up about problems faced by them while handling TB patients at the hospital
Sadness, joy, and excitement are just a few of the feelings we experience which are influenced by a variety of causes and factors around us. Apart from the various environmental factors, such as couples fighting, for example, what happens inside our bodies also has a significant impact on our feelings and the mood changes we experience during the day.
One of these physiological factors is the neurotransmitter serotonin, which plays a major role in regulating different moods, and its deficiency or excess can significantly affect our mood. We can’t always control external circumstances, but what happens within our bodies is definitely in our hands, and with the following 11 tips you can increase the production of serotonin in your body and feel happier as a result.
1. Increase your intake of TheanineTheanine is an amino acid found in tea that penetrates the brain and affects levels of neurotransmitters such as serotonin. Theanine has a double effect on mood improvement because, apart from increasing serotonin levels, it also causes an increase in dopamine levels, another hormone responsible for our mood.
2. Get a pampering massageAnyone who has ever received a massage knows how relaxing it can be, and how it can make us feel much better. Relaxation of the muscles during a massage causes the release of tension, and it turns out that it also increases the production of serotonin. Moreover, massages causes a decrease in the cortisol hormone, which inhibits the production of serotonin by 30%.
3. Add turmeric to the menu
Turmeric also has a positive effect on our mood because of the curcumin it contains. In a study published in 2008, researchers found that curcumin increases the production of serotonin and dopamine, which help to significantly improve our mood.
This effect is due to curcumin inhibiting the activity of an enzyme called monoamine oxidase, which breaks down mood-boosting neurotransmitters such as serotonin. When the activity of this enzyme slows down, the decomposition of serotonin occurs at a slower rate, leaving it in the bloodstream for longer periods of time and contributing to the improvement of our mood.
4. Consume more B vitamins
B vitamins play key roles in the body, such as helping with growth, preventing blood shortage, maintaining normal metabolic processes, and more. In this group of vitamins, there are two types that affect the production of serotonin - vitamin B6 and vitamin B12. It is important to consume these vitamins in your diet, as the body can’t produce them on its own, and you can do so by eating fish, chickpeas, rice, potatoes or by taking supplements. Increasing the intake of these two vitamins contributes significantly to the treatment of depression.
5. Add magnesium to your diet
Magnesium is an essential mineral for the body, which is responsible for lowering stress, regulating neural activity and producing serotonin. Increased magnesium intake in people with depression helps improve the condition, and it can also help anyone who wants to "lift" their mood. Add Magnesium to your diet by consuming foods such as whole grains, seeds, and bananas.
6. Take in some rays
Sun exposure is essential for a variety of functions, such as vitamin D production, and is also important for the normal production of serotonin. Exposure to the sun for 20-30 minutes increases the production of serotonin in the body, and that’s why we feel much better after a short trip outdoors, especially when we aren’t feeling so well.
Researchers found that the sun's rays stimulate the serotonin production system and cause it to produce the necessary amounts for regularity in mood. To prevent sun damage from prolonged exposure, it is recommended to go out in the early morning or late in the afternoon, when the rays are weaker and you can enjoy the health benefits that the sun provides without fear of getting sunburned.
7. Exercise more often
Physical training is essential for a healthy lifestyle, but many of us find excuses that prevent us from getting off the couch and starting. Besides improving overall health, exercise also improves serotonin levels in the body, so it is recommended to find at least a few minutes per day for some cardio-boosting exercise.
Such training increases the production of serotonin in the body and also increases the levels of endorphins, both of which can give you a mood-boost, and this effect can quickly lead to you wanting to work out regularly. If you manage to overcome the initial difficulty, you’ll soon start to look forward to your daily workout because of its mood-boosting benefits.
8. Look for the positives in life
This may sound a little cliché, but if you focus on the positive things in life, your mood improves dramatically. This action has a tremendous impact on the body, and when we focus on positive things, the amount of serotonin in our bodies increases. This effect can be achieved by the positive thinking that accompanies the activities you enjoy, such as doing hobbies, spending time with people you love, and even writing a thankfulness diary, where you will write down the big and small things you’re thankful for every day.
Many people think that meditation has only spiritual effects, but this isn’t true - it has many physical effects as well. Practicing daily meditation increases the production of 5HIAA, an acid which takes part in the production of serotonin that is needed to improve mood. In addition, meditation helps to reduce the levels of stress hormones that cause us mental tension and dissatisfaction, meaning, it too has a powerful double advantage. If you find regular meditation boring click here to discover 6 alternative and original types of meditation.
10. Cut back on sugar
When we eat something sweet, we have a momentary rewarding sense of joy, but it passes quickly and we go back to feeling how we felt before taking that sinful bite. There is a direct connection between low levels of serotonin and sweets, because insulin is required to assemble certain parts of serotonin, and eating high-sugar foods increases insulin levels and, consequently, serotonin levels.
However, as noted, eating something sweet causes a momentary improvement of mood, which "crashes" quickly and we return to feeling sad and consuming more sugar to make ourselves feel better, thus creating a cycle of sugary and sweet foods, so you should reduce your sugar intake and use other serotonin-boosting methods that do not include sugary foods.
11. Maintain a balance of gut bacteria
In our intestines, there are bacteria that benefit us and those that harm us, and it’s important that the scale is tilted towards those that do good for our bodies. When the balance is disturbed, the bacteria can’t absorb the nutrients needed to produce serotonin, which adversely affects our mood in the short and long term.
To prevent this, you can consume probiotic foods such as yogurt or kefir, which increase the production of serotonin and thus contribute to the improvement of mood over time. In a study published in 2016, this association was proven, and researchers found that the consumption of probiotic bacteria reduced the number of subjects who were depressed, so a simple yogurt can have far-reaching effects on your mood as well.
5 Breakthrough Psychological Theories
Psychological theories provide insight into every aspect of human behavior. There isn't one of us that doesn't wish to know ourselves better, and psychological theories can go a long way toward providing insight into the mind and human psyche. Having knowledge of them can be life-changing if you make correct use of the information they contain. Here are 5 ground-breaking psychological theories:
1. All you need is love
The Beatles sang those words in the 1960s, but as early as 1938, a 75-year study began to reveal that this was indeed the case. The study examined 724 men ranging in age from adolescence to old age and collected data on a variety of areas in their lives to answer the question of how to be happy. The conclusion of this study was unequivocal - relationships with people and the love they provide to each other are the most important things in life for happiness!
The research director, psychologist George Vaillant, said that happiness is achieved by experiencing love and finding a way of dealing with life that isn't detrimental to experiencing love. In other words, you can have all the health and wealth in the world, but it all means nothing if your life doesn't also contain meaningful relationships based on love.
2. Power corrupts the human psyche
A study conducted in 2003 definitively determined that power corrupts the human psyche. In the study, the subjects were divided into groups of three, and each group had one leader. The leaders of the teams were tasked with giving points to the other members, based on their contribution to the task given to them.
During the study, the researchers entered the room where the subjects were sitting and placed a plate of five cookies on the table in the room. Almost all the leaders of the groups took two cookies, scarfed them down while scattering crumbs on the floor and chewed with an open mouth. Research has shown that power causes a person to forget his manners and become greedy.
However, greed and disrespect were not the only negative behaviors found in the study corresponding to the level of power the person gains. The researchers noted that the leaders' also showed signs of aggression, some sexually harassing the women in their group, and others expressing racism towards members of the group with a different skin color than themselves. So, if you come to a position of power in your life, don’t forget that this feeling can take over you and change who you are for the worse.
3. The words you use determine how you see the world
The words that come out of our mouth make people judge us and our character, this we already know, but did you know that the words you use make you notice or ignore certain things?
Professors Lera Boroditsky and Aneta Pavlenko of Stanford University studied the language of the Aboriginals in Australia (Guugu Yimitir). They found that Aboriginals have no words for right and left, so they use "East" and “West" to describe sides, and indeed for them, there is no such thing as the right hand or the left hand, for example.
Professor Boroditsky says that our language affects the way we perceive the world and shapes our thinking in a way that no learning process can equally affect. So if you know more than one language, try to think in several languages about a particular topic that bothers you to access it from a number of different perspectives, which will help you reach better and clearer conclusions about it.
4. We can pay attention to only one thing at a given moment
We all want to believe we can do many things at once, and some say women are better at multitasking than men. However, this is incorrect, and we can prove it to you!
Below is a video where people are passing balls to each other, your task is to count how many times the people wearing white pass the ball.
having trouble playing this movie? click here
If you watched till the end, you found that while counting the passes you completely missed the gorilla that passed by the players. Only a few people manage to notice the gorilla during the task, and the majority don’t see it simply because they were concentrating on one thing - our brain works so that when it concentrates on something, it is hard for it to notice other things, even if it’s right in front of our eyes.
So think about the findings of this study the next time you encounter a problem and can’t solve it. The solution may be right under your nose, and you're just too busy thinking about it in a way that doesn’t seem useful or just about the problem itself.
5. The little things are what really matter in life
If asked what’s important in life, most of you would probably say marriage, children, education and a good and satisfying job, but studies show that this isn’t the case when examining reality. What has been revealed in many studies is that the small things are really important, and the big things don’t always have much to do with our level of happiness.
For example, even if you’ve got your dream job, over a period of time what will affect your level of happiness it is not necessarily the job itself, but rather the everyday things you will have to deal with. This includes, for example, your relationships with co-workers, the amount of sleep and leisure you may have, or the morning traffic jams. If these things create stress, you won’t feel satisfied with your work, and it doesn’t matter if your job is Head Taster at a chocolate factory.
So the next time you’re asked what your dream job is, the right answer will probably be "working with good people at a job that allows me to enjoy enough sleep and off time and which the way there in the morning isn’t loaded with traffic jams."
#2ndMentalHealthFilmFestivalMindScope2017 hosted by #TRIMITITrust & sponsored by #FinolexIndustries & #MukulMadhavFoundation : A CSR initiative of Finolex Industries. We were very glad to screen the short film made for Aasra -What's Wrong? made by #ShraddhaSinghvi & #AanchalKohli, at the fest-(#AnushriThakar)
The fest was held on Sunday, November 5th 2017 at National Film Archive of India (NFAI), Pune, India from 4.00 pm to 8.30 pm.
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#StompOutBullying #ChangeTheCulture #BlockingABullyOnline is the most effective way of #Prevention This initiative from STOMP Out Bullying™ aims to block negativity from online spaces, and end cruelty, homophobia, LGBTQ discrimination, racism, hatred and online violence. #BlockItOutEveryday encourages those who are bullied, trolled and mistreated online to block out their bully on social media, and empower their friends to do the same. With a focus on positivity and safety, #BlockItOutEveryDay seeks to erase online cruelty for good.
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